Autism is a group of developmental disorders in the brain which are known as Autism spectrum disorders which refers to a broad range of skills, disability, symptoms; levels of impairment which are normally found in ASD affected children. It is a lifelong neurodevelopment disorder that affects to people’s communication and also their behavior in society and those who respond to communication in a different and unique way. In this, few children are impaired mildly whereas others are severely disabled with this impairment. Most of the times this order is misunderstood by some parents who get confused about what the sign are about. Children with autism face problems of communication, reacting to signs and social skills which are abnormal.
Types of ASD
There are five categories in autism spectrum disorder in autism:
- Asperger’s disorder
- Syndrome of Rett
- Disorder of Pervasive developmental
- Autistic disorder
- Disorder of Childhood disintegrative.
General qualities of autism spectrum disorder
- Repetitive motions in an odd way
- Avoidance of eye contact
- Under activity or hyper activity
- Unsuitable attachments to things
- Hatred towards cuddling
- Under active and over sensory responsiveness
- Likes to be alone
- Resistance to changes
- Expressing emotions for unapparent reasons.
- Unresponsive to oral signs
- Expressing self injurious behavior.
Causes and risky factors of ASD
It is learned that there are many factors which makes a child more likely to Autism spectrum disorders including genetic and biologic factors with environment. It is agreed by most of the scientists that genes are the main risk factors that makes a person or a child develop ASD. Children whose parent or siblings have ASD are at high risk of getting this disorder which is due to certain chromosomal condition. And children with ASD have been recognized as having the frail X syndrome, Down syndrome, tuberous sclerosis and other genetic disorders. Even it is caused due to brain damage which is related to cognitive functions and other common effects in them. The more severe the brain damage is the more memory loss is seen in sufferers. And, to the point there is no cure for it as day by day the symptoms might worsen the problem.
Who is mostly affected?
Actually, this disorder occurs in all ethnic, racial and socioeconomic groups and five times more in boys when compared to girls. As this disorder is on the rise, it is not clearly mentioned whether the increasing number of diagnose presents a real increase or comes from improved discovery. It is a brain injury in simple explanation that effects for every 6 out of 1000 people in the present world which is an alarming figure to know.
How to make the best developmental outcome for an autistic child?
Early identification of autism in children will have better developmental result as well as untimely, appropriate and intensive involvement. For this, parent need to promote a healthy developmental pathway to the child which is diagnosed with autism by, loving them and working creatively with child’s unique challenges.
Is it cured?
There is no certain cure for brain injury as can be improved with certain therapies and behavior analysis in a certain way that suits to the child with the help of psychologists, therapists and a pediatrician as well.
Kirti S is a web enthusiast and a writer. Kirti has afforded his articles and write-ups autonomously and through various online forums.
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