Cerebral palsy is a disorder that affects motor skills, movement of muscles and muscle tone. Usually, brain injury causes cerebral palsy which results to physical impairment that requires a wide range of therapies and treatments. Impairment in each child is unique and therefore there is no universal treatment for cerebral palsy till now. In fact, social equipments and therapies are the main treatment along with surgical interventions and medicine therapies which helps the child to live with the circumstance. It is one of the most common congenital disorders which exist from birth in children. Simple movements like standing, breathing; bowel control learning is affected with this CP which gets worse as the time advances. Infants with this disorder are slow in development and learning process which can lead to moderate or severe.
What are the causes of cerebral palsy?
The exact causes are not known till now as there are many problems related to it as it can happen during pregnancy in which the part of the brain gets damaged and do not develop normally. It can be due to maternal health problems, infections, jaundice, head injury, genetic disorders that interrupt normal development of brain and stroke. This problem is considered as CP and there are a few effective Cerebral palsy treatments performed by a team of professionals like psychologists, pediatrician, therapists and other professionals who are connected to perform the treatment in a better way.
How can this be diagnosed?
Mainly pediatricians diagnose it by testing motor skills, reflexes, checking the medical history of the child and utilizing a variety of special tests and therapies on the child. In fact symptoms may change according to the point of time and lead to something more than cerebral palsy.
Types of Cerebral palsy treatment
- Speech therapy
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Oral medication
- Assistive technology treatment
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
- Behavioral therapy
- Support to improve muscle function and
- Analysis for emotional and psychological needs.
As there are many treatments available, particular treatment can be performed after knowing and verifying the exact cause.
Is Down syndrome related to cerebral palsy?
Like cerebral palsy, Down syndrome is also a chromosomal disorder which is caused due to an error in cell division which results in an extra chromosome in the child. In such situations, it leads to impairments in cognitive ability along with physical growth that causes of mild to moderate developmental skills. It can be detected before or after the born of a child.
Uniqueness of patients suffering with this syndrome
Those who have Down syndrome have unique health issues, separate physical uniqueness and inconsistency mainly in cognitive developments like
- Low muscle tone
- Flat nasal bridge
- Small stature and short neck
- Eyes with upward slant, skin wrinkles and colorless spots on iris
- Extra space in between big toe and second toe
- Protruding tongue
- single flexion channel in the fifth finger
In fact, all this happens due to the presence of extra genes in the development of the child. When this syndrome is suspected as soon as the child is born, certain diagnosis has to be performed through a chromosome analysis.
Kirti S is a web enthusiast and a writer. Kirti has afforded his articles and write-ups autonomously and through various online forums.
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